The Victorians loved elaborate patterning and ceramic tile was popular for producing such patterns on floors. Such floors could be laid with multicolor encaustic tiles, with a pattern in each tile, or solid color tiles with the pattern created by different tiles in combination, as in this before and after ~ Victorian tile restoration project.
This floor had been covered by glued down carpet and left with glue residue over a century’s worth of dirt and grime once the carpet was removed. An excellent article on how the floor was cleaned and restored is linked below. It includes information on specific products and methods used, which can be helpful for those who want to DIY. https://east-surrey.tiledoctor.biz/heavily-soiled-victorian-tiled-hallway-restored-in-fulham/
Ceramic tiles by of this type by Minton and other potters in the UK were shipped all over the globe. This example is located in the UK but identical tiles can be found in 19th century homes and public buildings in the United States.
Ceramic tile preservation, restoration, and replication is covered in detail in Restoring Your Historic House, The Comprehensive Guide for Homeowners.
The 720 page award-winning and best-selling hardcover book is available in bookstores and from online retailers (currently 32% off on Amazon! http://ow.ly/N7ba50y4PSL).
Signed copies are available directly from the author on this site, click here: https://yourhistorichouse.com/shop/.
Your local bookstore can order copies from W.W. Norton.
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