High Victorian Gothic Double House. Built in 1876, this example of the High Victorian Gothic style was designed by Portland, Maine architect Francis H. Fassett (1823-1908) as his own family’s home. It is a double-house, or duplex. Originally, Fassett and his wife lived on one side and his son, architect Edward Fassett, and his family lived on the other.
High Victorian Gothic was an eclectic style considered by some to be a variation of Gothic Revival and by others to be a distinct style. It draws heavily from the architectural theories and writings of British art critic John Ruskin (1819-1900).
Its character-defining features include polychrome (multi-color) decoration – often achieved by combining brick and different types of stone, varying textures, and Gothic details, often based on Venetian Gothic prototypes. It was popular during the mid-19th century, primarily for commercial and institutional buildings. It was not commonly used for residential structures although the Stick Style is considered by some architectural historians to be the wood-framed version of High Victorian Gothic and was often used for houses.
25 residential styles are shown and described in Chapter 2 of “Restoring Your Historic House, The Comprehensive Guide for Homeowners.”
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